How To Write An Article For Fce Writing

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  • As we have seen in pvious posts, the Writing B2 First (FCE) paper consists of two different parts. In the first one, you must write an essay. In the seccond, you must choose among different options. One of these options can be to write an article. For this reason, in today’s post I’m going to show you exactly how to write an article for FCE Writing (Part 2). Besides, we will go over an example of an article for FCE and a complete FCE Writing guide, where you can find more examples of articles and other types of FCE Writing tasks.

    Table Of Contents

    The Ultimate B2 First Writing Guide: 15 B2 Writing Sample Tasks and 300+ Useful Expssions

    The Ultimate B2 First Writing guide es una guía escrita por Luis Porras Wadley, fundador de KSE Academy®. Este libro contiene 15 ejemplos de Writing del FCE y más de 300 expsiones útiles listas para utilizar, aparte de una descripción detallada de cada parte del examen de Writing e innumerables consejos sobre cómo afrontar la parte escrita del examen de nivel B2 de Cambridge Assessment English.

    How to Write an Article for FCE Writing Part 2

    An article is a very common type of text nowadays. We can find all kinds of articles in newspapers, magazines, blogs, etc. For this reason, in order to know how to write an article for FCE, we must bear in mind who will be reading our article. This, as we will see later on, we will find out from the instructions the FCE Writing paper provides us with. But before we move on to that, let’s take a look at the characteristics of an article for FCE Writing Part 2:

    FCE Writing Article Example

    Now that we are familiar with the characteristics of an article, the best weay to know how to write an article for FCE Writing is to take a look at an example of an article at First-B2 level. So let’s see an example of a task and a sample answer to that very same task.

    Instructions of an Article for the FCE Writing Paper

    It is extremely important to read the instructions carefully, as you are supposed to obtain all the information you need to write the article. In this case we can see the following:

    • Where our article will be published: a local magazine
    • Topic: their favourite things about the Internet
    • Main ideas: things you do with the internet, recommend a website

    And that’s exactly how we will organise our article, knowing exactly what to talk about in each paragraph.

    The Ultimate B2 First Writing Guide: 15 B2 Writing Sample Tasks and 300+ Useful Expssions

    The Ultimate B2 First Writing guide es una guía escrita por Luis Porras Wadley, fundador de KSE Academy®. Este libro contiene 15 ejemplos de Writing del FCE y más de 300 expsiones útiles listas para utilizar, aparte de una descripción detallada de cada parte del examen de Writing e innumerables consejos sobre cómo afrontar la parte escrita del examen de nivel B2 de Cambridge Assessment English.

    Sample answer

    Now that we have an example of an article task for FCE, let’s take a look at a sample article which answers the task above. Pay attention to the language as well as to the structure marked in red.

    If we take a close look at this sample article for FCE, we can see the following features:

    • The introduction psents the topic in a general way, but making clear what article is about: the Internet.
    • The second paragraph talks about why I like the Internet and one of the things that I like about it.
    • The third paragraph makes a recommendation of a website, explaining why I like it so much.
    • The conclusion is a summary of sorts and asks the reader for some feedback on their own pferences regarding the use of the Internet.
  • The language is informal:
    • Phrasal verbs: put you up, check out.
    • Contractions: Isn’t that fantastic?
    • Colloquial phrases: one of the cool things, I totally recommend it, etc. 
    • We address the reader directly: What about you? 
    • Exclamation marks: …find the answer! 
  • In this example of article for FCE Writing we can appciate many of the typical characteristics of this type of activity. However, bear in mind that I have tried to simulate a strong B2 level without necessarily reaching C1.

    Useful Expssions to Write an Article for FCE Writing

    If you want to know how to write an article for FCE, it is very important to have a repository of useful expssions ready to use. So here are some which can come in handy:

    • Rhetorical questions:
      • Have you ever…?
      • Do you ever wonder…?
      • What do you think about…?
      • Are you a… like me?
      • Are you one of those people who…?
      • What would you say if I told you that…?
    • Introducing new ideas:
      • Firstly,
      • First,
      • In the rst place,
      • To begin with,
      • The coolest thing about 
      • What attracts me most 
      • One thing to consider is
      • Another consideration is
      • Secondly,
      • As for
      • As to
      • Also, 
      • As regards
      • In addition,
      • In addition to that,
      • Moreover,
    • Concluding the article:
      • In conclusion,
      • On the whole,
      • To sum up,
      • To conclude,
      • All in all, 
      • … you will not regret it!

    The Ultimate B2 First Writing Guide: 15 B2 Writing Sample Tasks and 300+ Useful Expssions

    The Ultimate B2 First Writing guide es una guía escrita por Luis Porras Wadley, fundador de KSE Academy®. Este libro contiene 15 ejemplos de Writing del FCE y más de 300 expsiones útiles listas para utilizar, aparte de una descripción detallada de cada parte del examen de Writing e innumerables consejos sobre cómo afrontar la parte escrita del examen de nivel B2 de Cambridge Assessment English.

    Frequently Asked Questions: What if I write more than 190 words?

    As I already explained in pvious posts, Cambridge Assessment English does not count how many words you’ve written in order to penalise you. But remember the following: if you have written a lot more words than necessary, you have probably included irrelevant information. In the same way, if you write less than 140, you are probably lacking essential information. For this reason, I always recommend writing only 10 or 20 words over the limit. In this way, we make sure we don’t lose points for something so silly.

    FCE Writing with Examples (pdf)

    If you’re still looking for more examples of writing, check out KSE Academy’s official FCE Writing Guide. In this guide you have the following:

    • How to write an essay and 3 examples
    • How to write an article and 3 examples
    • How to write a review and 3 examples
    • How to write a report and 3 examples
    • How to write an email or letter and 3 examples
    • Over 300 useful expssions for FCE Writing tasks

    Would you like to see a sample first? Here you are!

    Did you like this post? Please share it with other students and English teachers. Subscribe to our newsletter and don’t forget to follow us on Facebook Twitter, Pinterest, Instagram, Google+ & YouTube. 🙂

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  • Cách viết ‘for and against’ essay thi FCE

    (How to write a ‘for and against’ essay – FCE Writing)

    • Today we are going to learn how to write a ‘for and against’ essay. But before we begin, let me ask you a question: what is a ‘for and against’ essay?.
    • Yeah, I bet you know what it is already, but if you don’t, don’t be panic, cause I am going to tell you right now.
    • A ‘for and against’ essay is a formal piece of writing in which a topic is considered from opposing viewpoints. Easy to understand, right?
    • In FCE writing test, we sometimes see something like: Some people believe that, some people believe this or some people think that, state the arguments for and against this view, etc. Those are signs of a ‘for and against’ essay’s task.

    Before you write a ‘for and against’ essay, you may want to think of:

    + Make a list of points for and against topic.

    + Do not use informal language or style to expss your opinion.

    + There are two ways to structure a ‘for and against’ essay. You can either psent an argument for and against in each paragraph or give all the arguments for in one paragraph and then all the arguments against in the next paragraph.

    + Either way, a good essay of this type should consist of:

    In this first part, you should clearly state the topic to be discussed. Remember, do not give your own opinion here.

    You should psent the points for and against along with your examples, reasons, and justifications.

    Now, as I said, you may have two ways to state your points here. You can either psent an argument for and against in each paragraph or give all the arguments for in one paragraph and then all the arguments against in the next paragraph. But I would recommend the second one. It will make your essay simple, clear and easy to follow.

    In this part, you shall state your opinion or give a balance consideration of the topic.

    Remember to use linking words. They help to follow your way of reasoning. The most common linking words are and, or and but. But don’t try to overuse them. Try to use different words with similar purposes or meanings to make your essay better.

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  • Nếu bạn đang làm về một đề tài nghiên cứu nào đó được một thời gian, việc viết một bài Article Review tạo cơ hội cho bạn chia sẻ những gì đã được thực hiện. Các bài Article Review có thể cực kỳ hữu ích cho các nhà nghiên cứu trong các lĩnh vực khác nhau, giới thiệu tài liệu quan trọng hiện có và cung cấp thực tế tổng quan lĩnh vực hiện thời. Vậy bạn có biết Article Review là gì, và các bước để viết Article Review hay? 

    2. Hướng dẫn viết Article Review

    a. Chuẩn bị viết Article Review

    – Hiểu bài Article Review là gì

    – Suy nghĩ về tổ chức của bài Article Review

    – Xem sơ lược bài viết

    – Đọc kỹ bài báo

    – Diễn đạt theo lối văn riêng

    – Viết dàn ý cho bài Article Review

    b. Hướng dẫn viết Article Review

    – Đặt tiêu đề. 

    Tiêu đề này phải phản ánh trọng tâm của bài Article Review. Quyết định chọn giữa tiêu đề mang tính tường thuật, mô tả hoặc nghi vấn.

    – Trích dẫn khi viết Article Review

    Dưới tiêu đề, hãy đặt một trích dẫn hoàn chỉnh của bài báo theo phong cách thích hợp. Chuyển sang dòng tiếp theo để bắt đầu bài luận của bạn. 

    – Xác định bài báo

    Bắt đầu Article Review của bạn bằng cách đề cập đến tiêu đề và tác giả của bài báo, tên tạp chí và năm xuất bản trong đoạn đầu tiên.

    Ví dụ: Bài báo: “Condom use will increase the spad of AIDS” được viết bởi Anthony Zimmerman, một linh mục Công giáo.

    – Viết lời giới thiệu: 

    Không nên: phát biểu ở ngôi thứ nhất (“Tôi”).

    Nên: tạo ấn tượng tổng thể về bài viết bằng cách sử dụng ngôi thứ ba và văn phong trang trọng, hàn lâm.

    c. Phần giới thiệu của bạn chỉ nên chiếm 10-25% trong bài Article Review

    – Tóm tắt Article Review:

    Diễn đạt các điểm chính, lập luận và kết quả của bài viết bằng lời của bạn, tham khảo phần tóm tắt của bạn để được hỗ trợ. Hiển thị cách bài báo hỗ trợ tuyên bố của nó. Đảm bảo bao gồm các kết luận của bài báo.

    Không nên: bao gồm các ví dụ cụ thể, số liệu thống kê hoặc thông tin cơ bản quen thuộc với các chuyên gia trong lĩnh vực này.

    Nên: nắm bắt các điểm chính của mỗi phần, khi không gian cho phép.

    Sử dụng các trích dẫn trực tiếp từ tác giả một cách tiết kiệm.

    Xem lại bản tóm tắt bạn đã viết. Đọc qua phần tóm tắt của bạn nhiều lần để đảm bảo rằng các từ của bạn là mô tả chính xác về bài báo của tác giả.

    – Viết Article Review:

    Hỗ trợ bài viết Article Review của bạn với bằng chứng từ bài báo hoặc các văn bản khác.

    Phần tóm tắt rất quan trọng cho bài Article Review của bạn. Bạn phải làm rõ lập luận của tác giả trong phần tóm tắt để đánh giá của bạn có ý nghĩa.

    – Kết luận bài Article Review:

    Phần này chỉ nên chiếm khoảng 10% tổng thể bài luận của bạn.

    Ví dụ: Bài phê bình này đã đánh giá bài báo “Condom use will increase the spad of AIDS” của Anthony Zimmerman. Các lập luận trong bài viết cho thấy sự thiên vị, thành kiến, cách viết tranh luận mà không có chi tiết hỗ trợ và thông tin sai lệch. Những điểm này làm suy yếu lập luận của tác giả và giảm uy tín của tác giả.

    – Hiệu đính:

    Đọc lại bài  Article Review. Tìm lỗi ngữ pháp và cách sử dụng. Đảm bảo loại bỏ mọi thông tin thừa, không cần thiết.

    Kết

    

    

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  • Trong bài viết này, mình sẽ hướng dẫn các bạn cách đơn giản và hiệu quả nhất để viết bài fce essay đạt điểm số 180 trở lên (tức là tương đương trình độ C1). Đây là phương pháp mình đã thử nghiệm qua 3 lần đi thi và kết quả lần thi thứ 3 mình đã đạt điểm số tuyệt đối 190/190.

    Vì nội dung phần essay khá dài nên mình sẽ chia làm 2 bài viết để truyền tải hết kiến thức cho các bạn. (Đây là bài viết số 1). Khi xem các bạn nên chuẩn bị giấy bút để ghi chép lại nội dung quan trọng. Những nội dung này mình chưa từng chia sẻ cho ai trừ học viên trên lớp của mình. Hy vọng sẽ giúp ích được cho những bạn đang ôn tập ở xa không có điều kiện đi học.

    Đây là solution essay vì đề bài hỏi rằng người trẻ có thể làm gì để bảo vệ và cải thiện môi trường.

    Bài bên phải là opinion essay vì đề bài hỏi xem bạn nghĩ gì, tức là bạn đồng ý hay không đồng ý với việc người ta nói rằng không cần nhiều tiền vẫn có thể sống hạnh phúc được.

    Bạn cần xác định được 2 dạng bài này để có cách tiếp cận riêng và phù hợp với từng dạng. Tuy nhiên, cả 2 dạng bài này đều được phân chia theo 1 bố cục giống nhau và đều gồm có 5 đoạn.

    Paragraph 1: Opening (mở bài)

    Paragraph 2: Body 1 (ý số 1 ở đề bài)

    Paragraph 3: Body 2 (ý số 2 ở đề bài)

    Paragraph 4: Body 3 (your own idea)

    Paragraph 5: Conclusion (kết bài)

    Hôm nay, mình sẽ phân tích chuyên sâu về dạng Solution essay. Dạng Opinion essay bạn có thể xem ở bài viết này.

    Nhận Biết

    Với dạng Solution, mình đã tổng hợp một số câu hỏi như sau để giúp bạn nhận biết. Nhìn chung, các câu hỏi đều hướng đến việc tìm giải pháp cho 1 vấn đề nào đó. Cách hỏi có thể khác nhau 1 chút nhưng việc nhận biết là khá dễ dàng.

    • What can be done to solve…?
    • What are the solutions…?
    • What can people do to…?
    • How can we deal with/solve…?
    • Can these problems be solved?

    Bố Cục Chi Tiết:

    Bây giờ, mình sẽ phân tích bố cục cụ thể và viết ví dụ để các bạn dễ hình dung. Mình sử dụng luôn đề bài mẫu ở dưới để viết cho các bạn.

    Opening:

    VD lead-in: It is true that environmental pollution has been a serious problem for a long time

    VD paraphrase: These days, the young have a lot of options to deal with environmental problems

    Còn với câu paraphrase, mình diễn đạt lại đề bài theo 1 cách tương tự. Gần giống như việc viết lại câu sao cho nghĩa không đổi. young people ở đề bài được viết lại thành , protect and improve their local environmental được viết lại thành deal with environmental problems. Các bạn không cần quá máy móc viết lại từng từ từng chữ ở đề bài. Miễn sao đại ý giống nhau là được.

    Với câu số 2 ở mở bài, mình sẽ dẫn dắt tiếp vào thân bài hoặc trả lời câu hỏi đề bài. Mời các bạn xem tiếp ví dụ từ 2 câu trên.

    VD: It is true that environmental pollution has been a serious problem for a long time. However, there are some effective ways for young people to protect and improve their local environment.

    VD: These days, the young have a lot of options to deal with environmental problems. Some effective ways are recycling, using less cars and planting more trees.

    Với vd mở bài đầu tiên, sau câu lead-in chỉ ra thực trạng ô nhiễm môi trường là vấn đề nghiêm trọng từ rất lâu rồi, mình viết câu số 2 để dẫn dắt vào phần thân bài bằng cách nói rằng “However, there are some effective ways for young people to protect and improve their local environment”. Giống như mình đang mời gọi bạn đọc tiếp tục theo dõi để biết thêm thông tin chi tiết về những cách bảo vệ môi trường.

    Còn ở vd thứ 2, sau câu đầu tiên paraphrase lại đề bài là “the young have a lot of options to deal with environmental problems”. Mình trả lời luôn câu hỏi đề bài bằng việc đưa ra các giải pháp hiệu quả đó là “recycling, using less cars and planting more trees”. Với cách này, mình phải suy nghĩ và viết luôn quan điểm thứ 3 do mình tự nghĩ ra là trồng thêm nhiều cây.

    Trong 2 cách này, mình thích và hay dùng cách mở bài thứ nhất hơn. Các bạn chọn cách nào cũng được.

    Với phần thân bài, mình cũng phân chia nội dung cụ thể theo từng câu. Câu số 1 sẽ luôn là main idea, tức là ý chủ đạo hay luận điểm của cả đoạn. Câu số 2-3 sẽ luôn là supporting ideas, tức là những câu đưa ra luận cứ để giải thích và mở rộng cho câu luận điểm main idea.

    Body 2:

    Câu 1: Main idea

    Câu 2-3: Supporting ideas

    VD: To begin with, waste can be recycled into useful materials to use again. The simple solution is therefore to collect plastic bottles, steel cans and newspapers on the streets. Additionally, young people can cooperate with recycling factories to classify different types of waste to recycle.

    Body 2:

    Câu 1: Main idea

    Câu 2-3: Supporting ideas

    VD: Secondly, teenagers can choose other means of transport instead of cars. They can use bicycles or even walk to school, which not only improves their health but also the environment. Furthermore, they can encourage their friends and families to get rid of cars.

    Chúng ta cùng tiếp tục với mở bài số 3. Bố cục 3 câu vẫn như vậy.

    Body 3:

    Câu 1: Main idea

    Câu 2-3: Supporting ideas

    VD: Last but not least, trees can reduce air pollution effectively by absorbing carbon dioxide (CO2). For that reason, trees should be planted more in the forests, on the streets and in the parks. Besides, young people should work together to take care of trees on a regular basis.

    Câu đầu tiên mình dùng Last but not least, nghĩa là cuối cùng nhưng không kém phần quan trọng, mình dùng thay được cho finally và nghe hay hơn rất nhiều. Trees can reduce air pollution effectively by absorbing carbon dioxide (CO2). Cây có thể làm giảm ô nhiểm không khí hiệu quả bằng cách hấp thu khí CO2 (từ absorb có nghĩa là hấp thu). Mình giải thích thêm là, vì vậy cây nên được trồng nhiều hơn ở trong rừng, trên phố và trong công viên. Bên cạnh đó, người trẻ nên chung tay chăm sóc cây đều đặn. On a regular basis là cách viết nâng cao hơn của từ regularly, các bạn có thể dùng trong cả văn viết và nói đều được.

    Conclusion:

    Tóm lược ý chính và đưa ra quan điểm cá nhân.

    VD: As long as the young take immediate actions to tackle environmental issues, I believe that their areas will become a better place sooner or later.

    As long as có nghĩa là miễn là, take immediate actions tức là đưa ra hành động ngay lập tức, tackle environmental issues là giải quyết các vấn đề môi trường, sooner or later là thành ngữ có nghĩa là không sớm thì muộn. Cả đoạn này có nghĩa là miễn là người trẻ đưa ra hành động ngay lập tức để gaiir quyết các vấn đề về môi trường, tôi tin rằng khu vực họ sinh sống không sớm thì muộn sẽ trở thành 1 nơi tốt đẹp hơn. Ở vế đầu tiên mình tóm lược ý chính 1 cách chung chung chứ không cần nhắc lại chi tiết 3 giải pháp nữa, và ở vế thứ 2 mình đưa ra quan điểm của cá nhân mình. Phần này mình cũng lựa chọn cách viết đơn giản và xúc tích như mở bài. Các bạn nên viết khoảng 1-2 câu là ok rồi.

    Vừa rồi mình đã hướng dẫn bố cục viết chi tiết cũng như đưa ra ví dụ cụ thể cho từng phần. Mời các bạn đọc lại cả bài viết 1 lần nữa. Sau đó, mình sẽ phân tích lý do tại sao bài viết này lại đạt diểm số 180+, các bạn có thể tham khảo và áp dụng ngay vào các bài viết trong quá trình ôn tập sau này.

    It is true that environmental pollution has been a serious problem for a long time. However, there are some effective ways for young people to protect and improve their local environment. To begin with, waste can be recycled into useful materials to use again. The simple solution is therefore to collect plastic bottles, steel cans and newspapers on the streets. Additionally, the young can cooperate with recycling factories to classify different types of waste to recycle. Secondly, teenagers can choose other means of transport instead of cars. They can use bicycles or even walk to school, which not only improves their health but also the environment. Furthermore, they can encourage their friends and families to get rid of cars. Last but not least, trees can reduce air pollution effectively by absorbing carbon dioxide (CO2). For that reason, trees should be planted more in the forests, on the streets and in the parks. Besides, young people should work together to take care of trees on a regular basis. As long as the young take immediate actions to tackle environmental issues, I believe that their areas will become a better place sooner or later.

    (192 words, score 180+)

    Do Bài VIết Này Đạt Điểm Số 180+

    Chúng ta cùng dựa vào các tiêu chính chấm điểm để phân tích bài viết này. Đầu tiên là phần content tức là nội dung, Bài viết này Trả lời đầy đủ, đúng trọng tâm 2 ý đề bài đưa ra + 1 ý thứ 3 của riêng mình do đó dễ dàng đạt điểm số tuyệt đối.

    Tiêu chí thứ 2 là communicative achievement tức là hiệu quả về mặt giao tiếp, bài viết này sử dụng văn phong formal cho 1 bài viết luận, có các main idea và supporting idea lập luận rõ ràng, dễ hiểu cho người đọc. có sử dụng từ ngữ liên qua đến lĩnh vực môi trường nhưng không quá phức tạp và mang tính hàn lâm cao, phù hợp với người đọc ở mọi chuyên ngành.

    Tiêu chứ thứ 3 là organisation, bài viết của mình có bố cục đầy đủ với phần mở bài, 3 ý thân bài và kết bài. Các đoạn chính được kết nối mạch lạc và logic với nhau theo trình tự (To begin with, secondly, last but not least). Các ý trong các đoạn được kết nối với nhau và phát triển bằng cohesive devices, tức là các từ như: therefore, additionally, furthermore, for that reason, besides.

    Environmental problems Cooperate with Get rid of

    Environmental pollution Air pollution Absorb

    Environmental issues Carbon dioxide On a regular basis

    Useful materials As long as Take action

    Recycling factories Tackle Sooner or later

    Means of transport Not only but also Classify different types of waste

    Ngoài ra, về mặt ngữ pháp, mình có sử dụng linh hoạt nhiều điểm ngữ pháp như câu bị động, câu điều kiện, và mệnh đề quan hệ.

    Câu bị động: “waste can be recycled into useful materials”, “trees should be planted more”

    Câu điều kiện: “As long as the young take immediate actions to tackle environmental issues, I believe that…”

    Mệnh đề quan hệ: “They can use bicycles or even walk to school, which not only improves their health but also the environment”

    Trong bài này, câu bị động mình dùng khi mình muốn nhấn mạnh vào hành động thay vì đối tượng gây ra hành động. Còn câu điều kiện, Nhiều bạn sẽ thấy lạ vì ngày xưa mình học câu điều kiện thường bắt đầu với if chứ không phải là as long as. Các bạn nên ôn lại bài câu điều kiện ở quyển Destination B1 và B2 để biết và hiểu sâu hơn về phần này. Ngoài ra, đại từ quan hệ which có dấu phẩy đằng trước mình dùng trong bài này không phải để thay thế cho danh từ ngay phía trước nó, mà mệnh đề này mang tính chất nhận xét hay giải thích cho cả vế đằng trước nó. 3 loại ngữ pháp này rất dễ vận dụng vào được trong các bài viết để nâng cao điểm số. Các bạn nên xem 2 quyển mình nói ở trên để ôn lại ngữ pháp nếu cần.

    --- Bài cũ hơn ---

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  • How To Write A Summary Of An Article

    --- Bài mới hơn ---

  • Ielts Reading: Hướng Dẫn Hoàn Thành Đoạn Văn Summary
  • Research Guides: How To Write Article Summaries, Reviews & Critiques: Writing An Article Summary
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  • Virginia has been a university English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier.

    When Should You Summarize an Article?

    • To show how an author’s ideas support your argument
    • To argue against the author’s ideas
    • To condense a lot of information into a small space
    • To increase your understanding of an article

    What is a Summary?

    A great summary is easy to read and explains all of the main points in the original. Important points to remember:

    • The main idea of the article is conveyed clearly and concisely
    • The summary is written in the unique style of the writer
    • The summary is much shorter than the original document
    • The summary explains all of the important notions and arguments
    • The summary condenses a lot of information into a small space

    How Do You Summarize an Article?

    Summarizing an article can be boiled down to three simple steps.

    1. Identify the main idea or topic.
    2. Identify important arguments.
    3. Write your summary.

    Continue reading for detailed explanations of each of these steps.

    1. Identify the Main Idea or Topic

    The aim of an article is to convey a certain idea or topic through the use of exposition and logic.

    In a summary, you want to identify the main idea of the article and put this information into your own words. To do this, you must be willing to read the article several times. On the first reading, try to gain a general notion of what the article is trying to say. Once you’ve done this write down your initial impssion. This is most likely the thesis, or main idea, of the article. Also, be sure to include the author’s first and last name and the title of the article in your notation for later reference.

    Example: In the article “Why Two Best Friends Doesn’t Work,” author Cassandra Grimes argues that most teenage girls can’t get along in groups of more than two.

    When trying to identify the central idea, you should ask yourself, “Why was this essay written and published?” Clues to help determine this include the following.

    How to Identify the Main Idea of an Article

    1. Gather information from the title.
    2. Identify the place it was published, as this can help you determine the intended audience.
    3. Determine the date of publication.
    4. Determine the type of essay. (Is it expository, argumentative, literary, scholarly?)
    5. Take note of the tone of the piece.
    6. Identify certain notions or arguments that seem to be repeated throughout.

    Applying these methods of identification, let’s take a look at the article “Bypass Cure” by James Johnson. We can assume the subject of the article from the title. Upon further examination, it becomes clear that the author is arguing that new research suggests the best cure for diabetes is the surgical solution of a gastric bypass.

    Example: “Bypass Cure” by James Johnson records a recent discovery by researchers that people who have bypass surgery for weight control are also instantly cured of diabetes. Since rising diabetic rates and obesity has become a worldwide concern, the article provides a startling but controversial potential solution.

    Now that we have identified the main idea of the article, we can move onto the next step.

    2. Identify Important Arguments

    At this point in the pparation process, you should read the article again. This time, read more carefully. Look specifically for the supporting arguments. Some tips on how to identify the important arguments of an article are listed below.

    How to Identify Important Arguments in an Article

    1. Read on a paper copy or use a computer program that lets you make annotations.
    2. Underline the topic sentence of each paragraph. (If no one sentence tells the main concept, then write a summary of the main point in the margin.)
    3. Write that sentence in your own words on the side of the page or on another piece of paper.
    4. When you finish the article, read all the topic sentences you marked or wrote down.
    5. In your own words, rewrite those main ideas.
    6. Use complete sentences with good transition words.
    7. Be sure you don’t use the same words, phrases, or sentence structure as the original.
    8. You may find you need to leave out some of the unimportant details.
    9. Your summary should be as short and concise as possible.

    In short, you want to boil the article down to its main, supporting arguments. Let everything else fall away, and what you are left with is an argument or an opinion, and the arguments that support it.

    3. Write Your Summary

    Your summary should start with the author’s name and the title of the work. Here are several ways to do this correctly:

    Introduction Sentence Examples for an Article Summary

    In “Cats Don’t Dance,” John Wood explains … John Wood, in “Cats Don’t Dance,” explains … According to John Wood in “Cats Don’t Dance” … As John Wood vividly elucidates in his ironic story “Cats Don’t Dance” … John Wood claims in his ironic story “Cats Don’t Dance” that …

    Combine the thesis of the article with the title and author into your first sentence of the summary. Reference the following sentence as an example.

    In “Cats Don’t Dance,” John Wood explains that in spite of the fact that cats are popular pets who seem to like us, felines are not really good at any activities that require cooperation with someone else, whether that is dancing or sharing.

    If possible, your first sentence should summarize the article. The rest of your summary should cover some of the central concepts used to support the thesis. Be sure to restate these ideas in your own words, and to make your summary as short and concise as possible. Condense sentences and leave out unimportant details and examples. Stick to the important points.

    How to Quote the Author of an Article

    When you refer to the author for the first time, you always use their full name. When you refer to the author after that, you always use their last name. The following examples show how to use the author’s name in an article summary after you have already introduced them.

    You don’t need to use an author’s title (Dr., Professor, or Mr. and Mrs.), but it does help to add their credentials to show they are an authoritative source. The sentences below show ways to do this.

    In “Global Warming isn’t Real,” Steven Collins, a professor at the University of Michigan, claims that … New York Times critic Johann Bachman argues in “Global Warming is the Next Best Thing for the Earth” that …

    If you are discussing the ideas of the author, you always need to make it clear that you are reciting their ideas, not your own.

    How to Introduce the Ideas of the Author in an Article Summary

    • Use author tags
    • Use mentions of “the article” or “the text”
    • Add the page number that the information is found on in parenthesis at the end of the sentence

    Using Author Tags

    In writing your summary, you need to clearly state the name of the author and the name of the article, essay, book, or other source. The sentence below is a great example of how to do this.

    According to Mary Johnson in her essay, “Cats Make Good Pets,” the feline domestic companion is far superior to the canine one.

    You also need to continue to make it clear to the reader when you are talking about the author’s ideas. To do this, use “author tags,” which are either the last name of the author or a pronoun (he or she) to show you are still discussing that person’s ideas.

    List of Author Tags

    Adverbs to Use With Author Tags

    How Long Is a Summary of an Article?

    The length of an article summary will depend on the length of the article you are writing about.

    If the article is long (say, 10-12 pages) then your summary should be about four pages. If the article is shorter, your summary should be about one to two pages. Sometimes, an article summary can be less than one page.

    The length of a summary will also depend on the instructions you have been given. If you are writing a summary for yourself, it’s up to you how long or short it will be (but remember, a summary is supposed to be a short regurgitation of the information outline in an article). If you are writing a summary for a class assignment, the length should be specified.

    Example Summary Paragraph

    The following paragraph is an example of a one-paragraph summary of an article.

    In “My Favorite Shoe,” Treyvon Jones explains that Nike shoes are the best brand of running shoe for serious track athletes. Jones supports this view by pointing out that Nike shoes are more comfortable, last longer, and provide more cushioning for the feet. He notes that the statistics from sales and scientific evidence of how Nike shoes are better for the feet support his claim. In addition, Jones points out that most professional runners use Nike and he tells his own story of how he won the 100-meter men’s competition after switching to Nike shoes.

    Below is a template showing the components of a great summary.

    Summary Template

    Introduction Sentence

    In “My Favorite Shoe,” Treyvon Jones explains (insert main idea).

    Supporting Arguments

    Jones supports this view by pointing out (insert author’s supporting arguments).

    Final Point

    In addition, (insert author’s overarching argument and point).

    How to Edit and Revise Your Summary

    Before you are officially done, it is important to edit your work. The steps below explain the process of editing and revision.

    1. Re-read the summary and edit out any obvious mistakes.
    2. Read your summary aloud. If anything sounds off, fix it.
    3. Let one of your peers read your summary. Make changes according to their feedback.

    With that, your summary should be complete.

    How to Summarize (Video)

    Questions & Answers

    Question: How should I end my summary?

    Answer: The summary should end with the author’s conclusion or last main point.

    Question: How do I conclude the summary of an article?

    Answer: Conclude your summary with a statement about what the author is trying to convince you to believe, do, or think.

    Question: How should you begin a summary?

    Answer: A summary should begin by stating the name of the author (first and last) and the title of the article, along with a single sentence describing the main idea of the whole article. Here are some examples:

    1. According to Tom Castaway in “Taking Your Management to the Next Level,” effective management means clearly articulating your goals, supporting your employees and keeping the team on track.

    2. “Supporting Your Cat’s Needs” by Jane Yogurt is a humorous article that describes how a can manipulates their owner into providing them everything they want.

    Question: What is “skimming?”

    Answer: “Skimming” means that you don’t read every word. You look at the bold print in a chapter, the first sentences of each paragraph and look over a page to see if there are important points. Skimming is like doing an overview. Skimming is easy if you are reading in your own language and often we do skimming when we are looking at a newspaper, or scrolling down our social media posts. Basically, when you skim read, you are looking for the most interesting or most important things. When you find it, you might read a whole section, but you might also skip a lot that doesn’t seem important.

    Question: How do I write a summary? Should I use my own words?

    Answer: Your summary should reinforce the main point of the article, and should always be in your own words, just like the rest of your essay. However, a summary should not add your own opinion. The response is your opinion, and the summary is just a repetition of what is in the article.

    Question: How should I end a summary?

    1. In conclusion, the article clearly articulates all of the reasons a person needs to be careful not to let their car battery freeze in winter.

    2. To make sure the reader gets the point, the author concludes with a funny story of why she will never wave to a policemen at the side of the road again.

    3. Although she may belabor the point too much, Johnson does clearly and effectively explain many reasons why college students should take the time to recycle as much as they can.

    Question: How do I summarize a video?

    Answer: You would summarize a video in the same way that you would an article. In fact, I’d suggest that if possible you look at the video with captions on and take notes about the main points (stopping the video as you listen). Depending on how long the video is, you might want to watch the whole thing through once and then make notes about the main claim and supporting ideas. Then watch it through again and fill in some other details to help you do your summary. You would begin with a sentence like this:

    In the video “Walking a dog in the park” by Jordan James, the author contends that the most important thing to remember is that the walk is for the dog’s sake, not yours.

    Question: Do you need to add an in-text citation in the summary of an article?

    Answer: Generally, if you are just summarizing a single article and you have provided the name of the author and title of the article in the first sentence, you do not need to add any additional citations. However, be sure to follow your instructor’s directions. Sometimes, they may want you to provide page numbers (or even paragraph numbers) to show what you are summarizing.

    Question: How can I summarize a research article?

    Answer: An abstract is basically a summary of a research article. To write a good summary in your field of science, it would help to look up several research articles and look at their abstracts. Use that as a model for your own summary.

    Question: How do you begin an article summary when it has multiple authors?

    Answer: You would list all of the authors in the first mention of the article and afterwards refer to “the authors of the article” or just “the article.” Here is an example:

    Question: How do I include the author, title, and content in the summary of an article?

    Answer: There is a clear format for including the author tags in summaries. To start with, you need to include the title and full name of the author, usually in the first sentence of the summary. Here are some examples:

    James Joseph, in his article, “Remember When,” talks about his experiences in World War II.

    In his interesting retrospective article, “Remember When,” James Joseph retells his war experiences in World War II.

    Retelling his fascinating war experiences in World War II, James Joseph, in “Remember When,” gives the reader a glimpse into that period of history from the viewpoint of an eighteen-year-old soldier.

    For other ideas on how to do this and more words, you can use as author tags, see my article on citations: https://hubpages.com/academia/MLA-Citation-Guide.

    Question: Our teacher told our group to write a discussion summarizing our assignment? What can I include?

    Answer: Summarizing means telling all of the most important points. Often, in English, the main ideas are in the first sentence of each paragraph, but sometimes they can be at the end or the middle. Occasionally, the author doesn’t actually say the main idea, but gives you a lot of details and lets you read them and decide on the main idea by yourself. Whatever type of writing you are summarizing, the basic way to do it is the same. You read the whole thing through and underline the parts which seem the most important. Then you think about the article and decide on the main point the author wanted you to understand after reading. I tell my students to think about what the author wants you to think, do or believe. Often, there will be a sentence in the article which says that main idea. That sentence is often in the beginning of the article. Write that sentence down and include the name of the article and the author. Then you need to read each paragraph and write down the main idea. A summary does not usually include all of the examples. It includes all of the main ideas. Putting those all together makes a summary.

    Question: What do I title my article summary?

    Answer: A simple title is just “Summary of “Article Title.”

    Question: What is the summary of the article?

    Answer: A summary tells all of the main ideas but doesn’t include the background details or evidence. Usually, a summary is much shorter than the original article, often a couple of paragraphs. In science, the summary is called an abstract.

    Question: Can I include a particular term that the author uses in the article while writing a summary?

    Answer: If the writer coins a term for something, you absolutely should use that term in your summary and explain that what the author means by that word. Similarly, if the author uses some specialized terms or vocabulary that is difficult to say in any other way, you should use the same words. You do need to make sure that your summary does not use the same phrases or sentences of the original (see my article on paraphrasing correctly: https://hubpages.com/academia/Using-and-Citing-Sou…

    Answer: An abstract is another way of saying “summary.” However, an abstract is generally just one or two paragraphs. Often, the word “abstract” is used for a summary of a scientific article. Your abstract of the article should start with a sentence telling the main point of the article. Then it should have no more than ten other sentences telling other main ideas or reasons and evidence that support the first main idea. An abstract should have clear, easy-to-read sentences.

    Question: In a summary, should I create my own topic or use the article’s topic?

    Answer: Your summary should use the main idea of the article for your topic. The first sentence of the summary should include the author’s full name and the title of the article. Assuming that you are doing just a summary and not a response, you should keep your summary in the 3rd person.

    Here is a sample: Stephanie Arnold’s article, “How to Live With a Cat,” humorously describes her attempt to train her cat to be obedient.

    Question: How do you write the introduction of a summary?

    Answer: What kind of an introduction you do will depend on how long your paper is supposed to be. If you are just writing a summary, you will probably just start with a first sentence that tells the author, title and main idea. Then the rest of the first paragraph should give the basic overview of the main points of the article. Several examples of this are given above. If you are doing a longer summary, or a response and a summary, you might want to start with an introduction that gives your own experiences or background on the topic before you began to read the article. For more information and links to three sample essays, see my article: https://owlcation.com/academia/How-to-Write-a-Summ…

    Question: How do I introduce the article title with no author’s name when writing an article summary?

    Answer: I assume you mean that you have an article which does not have an author. Generally, an article without an author is not a good source. However, some exceptions would be information from government websites or other authoritative sources which do not list the person who actually wrote down the article. In that case, you would introduce the article by telling where it was published and also possibly when.

    Question: How do I start a summary?

    Answer: The best way to start a summary is to say the name of the author and the title of the work and to give the main point of the article. Here are some examples:

    1. The complete guide to gardening not only annuals but also perennials and flowering bushes is “Texas Flowerbeds” by Neil Sperry.

    2. In “How to Get the Best Gas Mileage,” James Stevens explains the importance of car maintenance as well as driving tricks that can save on fuel use.

    3. “Organizing for Non-Experts” is Joan Causeways humorous instruction manual for helping messy people get a better handle on their stuff.

    Notice that even in these very short summary statements, you can use words like “humorous” to talk about tone. Moreover, you should also notice that you don’t have to start with the name of the author and title. That can be placed at the beginning, middle, or end of the sentence.

    Question: How should I write the ending of a summary?

    Answer: Conclude your summary with the main point of the article or if you are allowed to give your own opinion, you can say what you think of the article.

    Question: In an article summary, can I add my point of view?

    Answer: In summary, you need to just tell the view of the author. If you are also doing a response to the summary, that is where you tell your view of the issue and also your view about what the author wrote.

    Question: How do you write a summary of a research article?

    Answer: Often students are asked to write a short summary of the articles they use in a research paper. These are often fairly short, and are sometimes called an “annotated bibliography” or a “survey of sources.” To write that sort of summary, you will read the whole article through and then write only the main idea in a few sentences. You may also be required to explain how you are going to use that article in your research. I have an explanation and examples in this article: https://owlcation.com/academia/How-to-Write-a-Surv…

    Question: How do I keep the flow of my one-sentence summary smooth, and not awkward or choppy?

    Answer: Using transition words which link your ideas will help your writing to be clearer as well as less choppy. I have several articles to help you write better sentences. Start with Easy Words to Use as Sentence Starters (which has lists of transition words) https://owlcation.com/academia/Words-to-Use-in-Sta…

    You can also look at my Ways to Write Effective Sentences: https://owlcation.com/academia/Writing-Effective-S…

    Question: When wiring a summary of an article, do I need to mention methodology in a summary? If yes how should it be mentioned?

    Answer: If you are writing a summary of a scientific research project, you do need to explain the methodology but not in detail. You would mention the type of methodology used and any key terms that would let a person in that field understand how that science project was either conducted or analyzed.

    Question: Can I put a hypothesis in the summary of the article to support the main idea?

    Answer: Generally, a “hypothesis” is giving what you think about something. A summary of the article is not supposed to have your own opinion.

    Question: Can a summary report be bulleted?

    Answer: In a business or science report, you can use bullets in a summary; however, in most academic subjects, it would not be appropriate. If you are in doubt, you should probably contact the person who gave you this assignment and ask whether or not they would like you to use bullets.

    Question: How can I summarize a news article?

    Answer: Traditionally, a news article tells the basic facts and answers who, what, when, where, how and sometimes why. You can summarize by using those categories.

    Question: Which tense do we have to use in a summery on an article written in simple past about a past event? Should we use the psent perfect to summarize the events?

    Answer: There is more than one way to write this sort of summary. The most important thing is to be consistent in the verb tense you use. All articles are written in the past and are published before you are summarizing them. Generally, I would follow this format:

    In the article written by John Jacobs about cats ruling the world, he states that “Cats make better leaders than men.” However, in his conclusion, he stated that he would never want to live in that world.

    Question: Are examples completely forbidden in summaries?

    Answer: It is appropriate to include a brief mention of an example in the summary but most of what you are writing should be the main point of the author.

    Question: Is skimming bad when you’re summarizing an article?

    Answer: I would always suggest that you start by skimming the article to get the main ideas; however, you probably need to read the article closely at least once in order to make sure you haven’t missed a major point.

    Question: How would I summarize a movie?

    Answer: You summarize a movie by telling the main characters, setting, plot (conflict and resolution), and what the main message of the movie is for the viewers. You can find more information in this article: https://owlcation.com/academia/How-to-Write-an-Eva…

    Question: What will I write in the second paragraph of a summary?

    Answer: In the second paragraph, you will give a summary of the main reasons for the author’s thesis. You may also briefly explain the evidence the author uses to support those reasons.

    Question: Should we put a title in a summary of an article?

    Answer: You will put the title in the first or second sentence which will identify the author, the title, and usually the main point of the article. It would go something like this:

    The humorous article “Have you ever met a houseplant you really liked?” by James Green gives the author’s perspective that people who adore growing things indoors are mentally deranged.

    © 2011 Virginia Kearney

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on August 14, 2022:

    Hi Aya–I think your solution is very good.

    aya carata on August 13, 2022:

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on August 03, 2022:

    Hi Saima, that probably means the date that the article was published.

    Saima Junrjo on July 27, 2022:

    This information is very helpful. My teacher wanted us to write a summary. Below are the requirements for summary introduction. it required a date what does that mean in summary?

    – introduction including source information – author, date, title, source, main idea.

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on July 19, 2022:

    Hi Riggzie! So glad you have decided to go to college! I think that when you are older in college, you really appciate it more than when you’ve just graduated from high school. Essays from older students are always more interesting because they’ve had time to see things from more than one perspective and/or have more interesting experiences to write about. As far as your question, I always need to remind people to follow the instructions of your teacher first. Different textbooks and teachers will give different instructions based on what they are trying to do in that assignment. However, generally a summary does not have an opening or conclusion; however, if you are writing a summary, analysis, response (which often is an assignment after the summary), you will be putting in some of those other elements. Good luck!

    Riggzie on July 19, 2022:

    Thank you very much. I am 47 and decided to go to college. I guess better late than never! I have been searching the web for summaries and I think you have helped me a lot. I was told by my family (wife has 2 associates and a bachelors, and my oldest is 20 and in college) that I should still do the opening paragraph, the content paragraph and a conclusion paragraph, but what you have listed is clearly not the case. I take English Composition in my next semester, so I have to do run before I walk.

    Thanks again!

    ~Riggzie

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on June 19, 2022:

    Hi Ashi! You have asked a good question. There are two ways to cite more than one author. One is simply to list all of the authors when you first mention the article title and authors. The other way is to cite the first author and then add “et al.” which means “and others.” After that first citation, you should probably use “in the article,” or “the authors point out” rather than trying to use the name of the author, although you can say “Baker et al. suggest” but that sounds a bit formal, and I have never used that format personally. Here is a sample to help you:

    In “COVID-19 Responses” by Jim Barker, Jose Hererra, and Ysinda Gomez, the authors argue that inpidual responsibility and government action needs to be considered together when evaluating the pandemic. The article also suggests… Furthermore, the authors conclude…

    Ashi on June 19, 2022:

    Hi Virginia! I am a student of Bachelor. Recently my teacher assigned me summary of an article. But my problem is that ,there are three authors of that article. Now plz tell me how I can start my summary and in the next am I mention the sir name of the three authors?

    Raynard Yohang on June 17, 2022:

    Very helpful information. now i should construct a better summary write up for my assignment.

    Thanks..

    Tharanga on April 10, 2022:

    Good explanations

    Thanks

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on March 12, 2022:

    Generally, references should be to where you found the article if it is a book or other published source such as a journal or magazine. If it is a search engine like Gale that compiles different magazine articles, you would use the “cited in” format.

    dublintutor on March 09, 2022:

    Hi,

    I appciate your clear explaination above, it is really helpful.

    I have a question, I have to write a report on an article at Uni, and the Article is 50 pages long and written by Jones (2019).

    When I reference the articles referenced in the Jones article, should it look like Jones, 2022 in all the instances

    OR

    should I reference using the secondary reference … (Brown et. al, 1995, cited in Jones, 2022) ….

    This would be very helpful to me.

    Thanks so much

    – 🙂

    charles marfo on December 21, 2022:

    this is a very nice work of you. you’ve really done a good work.thanks.

    Rachel Timme on October 31, 2022:

    Thanks you so much for the in formations that I have learnt here about Summary writing. It’s very important for us non English speakers. Was greatly appciated. Thanks for sharing your knowledge and your gifts. May you be blessed abundantly in the work you are doing.

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on August 14, 2022:

    Hi Kaghija, paragraphs can be any length but a “typical” English essay has 5 sentences: topic sentence, 3 explaining/evidence sentences, conclusion/transition sentence.

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on August 14, 2022:

    Hi Sandi, you don’t tell me what age your son is, but that type of assignment is ptty straightforward for High School. There are two ways to do a compare and contrast between passages. One way is to separate it into two sections: how the responses are similar; how the responses are different. A different and generally more difficult (but potentially better essay) is to do talk about the passages topically and inside each topic explain what is same and different. For example, topics could be: choices, responses, outcomes, character, tone of author, relevance to modern life etc.

    kaghija on August 14, 2022:

    how many sentences should there be per paragraph?

    SandiJS on August 14, 2022:

    Hello Virginia:

    Recently my son had brought home an English Essay that his teacher is only allowing students to complete in 2 days!! It is writing an essay on comparing 2 different stories, on the basis of “How we make decisions when faced with difficult choices?” The 2 stories are titled, “The Lady or the Tiger” by Frank Stockton and “The Choices of Hercules” by James Baldwin. His instructions are to read both passages and write an essay in which compare Hercules’ and the princess’s responses to the choices they are given. He needs to support his discussion with evidence from the text. What do you suggest on how I go about explaining how to compare the two texts in one essay?

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on August 06, 2022:

    Hi James, my German is a bit rusty but I did a bit of searching for the answer and I think the problem is that English Present Perfect and German Perfekt are not quite the same. In both English and German, we can refer to past events using a simple past and the psent perfect; however, the German Perfekt is somehwat different than the English perfect in that the engish “We have eaten” means it began in the past and is now completed, while the German “Wir haben…gegessen” is usually used to speak about a completed action.

    My guess is your student’s English teacher did not know the difference.

    When I encounter these sorts of issues with students, I usually tell them that what I am trying to teach them is “standard English practice” which means that it is not just about rules but about how native speakers actually talk. No native speaker is going to talk about a historical situation in the psent tense (even if there might be an obscure rule that would allow that). If he does that, he will be regarded as having incorrect verb tenses, or else confuse the listener. However, I will usually not grade a person down in this sort of situation. Instead, I would allow them to redo the assignment or else just give them a good grade. Here is the website I used for the answer: https://german.yabla.com/lesson-English-Present-Pe…

    James on August 06, 2022:

    Hello, I am a native English speaker and teach ESL in Germany. Recently, I had one of my students write a summary of a historical event that I verbally had recounted. The purpose of the exercise was to test his listening comphension. The story itself concerned a Saxon knight named Konrad von Wettin who lived in the 12th century. The student proceeded to write a very nice summary which demonstrated his excellent listening skills. The problem was that he wrote the summary in the psent tense. For example, “Konrad is a knight living in the 12th century.” “He has a wife named Liutigard and twelve children.” He continued on in this fashion throughout the summary. In response, I corrected his grammar by putting every sentence, when appropriate, into the past tense. For example, “Konrad was a Saxon knight who lived during the 12th century.”

    To my surprise, he argued the corrections and stated that his German high school English teacher told the class to write summaries only in the psent tense. My student went further to claim that if he had turned in a summary written in the past tense that he would have received a poor grade.

    Linus search on July 11, 2022:

    This is good. The teacher in you is evident. Thanks a lot.

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on May 19, 2022:

    Generally I would suggest that you summarize each article in a separate paragraph but I’d suggest you ask your instructor.

    Bonheur on May 17, 2022:

    How do I start my summary introduction when I read 3 articles should I list the article’s name for three of them?

    Fitri on April 10, 2022:

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on March 23, 2022:

    Hi Shirin,you can find that information in my articles that talk about summar response or “How to write a Summary Analysis Response Paper,” find them by searching for that title and my name.

    Shirin on March 22, 2022:

    I want to know after I write my summary about am article then how do I start my discussion about that article in the following paragraphs

    Tanxxxxx

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on February 10, 2022:

    Often a summary is just one to three paragraphs. See the article for the format.

    Armaan on February 09, 2022:

    What should be the format of a summary? How many paragraphs?

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on January 21, 2022:

    Hazel Carlos on January 21, 2022:

    This information is so clear. May I share this information with my students in English 1302? The students have been assigned annotated bibliographies.

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on November 24, 2022:

    Hi Jessica! I’m so glad this was helpful and congratulations for getting up the courage to finish your degree. I recently met a woman in her 60s who is going to graduate with her AA degree this month and is planning to keep on going! I have lot of other articles on different kinds of writing. If you type the kind of paper you are doing in Google and then add my name or Owlcation, you can find them. Good luck!

    Jessica on November 23, 2022:

    Thank you so much. This was so helpful. I am back in school trying to finally finish my degree after decades. I have to write a summary of a Case study. Then I have to write my first paper after decades.

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on November 14, 2022:

    You should keep the same name of items in the summary article that cannot be easily changed to a synonym. However, you should not keep the same structure of sentences. Actually, in a summary your sentences will only tell the broader picture not the details. Therefore, your sentences should not match the original.

    Grasstow on November 14, 2022:

    should i keep the same structure and name of items?

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on November 08, 2022:

    You can just use the name of the first author and add “et al” which means “and others.”

    Blessed on November 07, 2022:

    I know I should begin a summary with the author’s name and so forth, but if there are 4 authors, how do I go about including their names.

    happiness on November 03, 2022:

    thanks, the site made me a good summary writer in class.

    Feri on October 20, 2022:

    Thank you sooo much for all the information!!

    now I know how to write a summary with your helpful words and examples… great

    Ade on October 15, 2022:

    OMG….This is the best explanation i have ever chúng tôi i know what needs to be done with my assignment. You’re the best. Thank you.

    Muhammad SyaFiq bin Othman on September 21, 2022:

    Your explanation very helpful and easy to understand. Now I can write good article summary for my assignment. Thank you very much.

    Amal on September 09, 2022:

    Finally, someone actually gets to the point. And gives a practical, useful informations. I personal appciate that. Now, I’m ready to write a summary.

    Florence on August 07, 2022:

    Thank you for the information of how to write a summary. Very helpful. I am a first year at university, and referencing was a challenge for me. This article is definitely going to help me.

    leah on July 14, 2022:

    Your explanations on how to write a summary article helps a lot.

    susan on June 21, 2022:

    I caught very effective information from your explanation about how to write a summary of which kinds of words and how i can start the sentences…thank you

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on May 21, 2022:

    Hi Syawal, I do not have any articles about how to write short stories. That is a good idea!

    syawal on May 20, 2022:

    Thank you very much bcoz from this article I can understand a little bit about how to write a chúng tôi you have article about how to write simple short story?

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on May 14, 2022:

    Cyrille, the last sentence depends on whether your job is just to write a summary or whether you are also supposed to respond with what you thought about the article. If you are supposed to respond, then the last sentence should tell whether you were convinced by the article. If you are just summarizing, then the last sentence should say what the author wants to convince the audience to do, say, think, or believe.

    Cyrille Brown on May 14, 2022:

    Hi! I don’t know how to make the conclusion of the summary of an argumentative article

    Ekr on May 10, 2022:

    10q This is very helpful .

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on May 04, 2022:

    Hi Mudradevi, You can do either psent or past tense if you are consistent throughout, but generally, I think psent tense works best. It would go like this:

    In “We See the Future,” John Joshua states that…

    The author describes his thoughts about…

    mudradevi on May 03, 2022:

    do we need to write summary in past or psent tense?

    Jennifer on April 25, 2022:

    We are using this in class right now. The teacher love this, because this is how sh want us to write. She loves this!!

    ZWIDEH SHECKEDNER KHUNGA NKHOMBO on April 16, 2022:

    Thank you for helping chúng tôi a very good work

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on March 03, 2022:

    Hi Bethany, I think that you are quite correct except that the response would not be personal. Instead, your response would be an outline of how you would teach that topic. I think I would try to clarify with the person who gave you this assignment whether they want an outline or a narrative (paragraph form) of writing. I think that summarizing the article as a beginning would be helpful, especially if you are going to teach this information. I don’t have information about developing curriculum, but I do have some articles about outlining an explaining article, which is what this probably would be like.

    Bethany on March 02, 2022:

    I was told to read several articles and then write a “curriculum outline” over each one (this is for a job where I will be required to teach certain topics, closely related to the required reading).

    I feel this is similar to a summary but maybe it should be formatted like an outline for an essay. I would love to hear what you think! I’m very confused.

    Carly Ownbey on February 07, 2022:

    i am so glad you made this because i am not good at this kind of stuff

    Cynthia Bass on January 21, 2022:

    Thanks for helping me. I haven’t wrote a summary in awhile and this will help me.

    Mirkomil on January 20, 2022:

    thank you a lot. monday i have english exam and it will help me

    mari on January 02, 2022:

    Thank you for helping me. Actually it’s my first time taking help from you. So thank you. I’ll make sure to take help from you next time as well when I’ll again get in some problem.I’m sure you will help me again. So thank you again.

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on January 01, 2022:

    Yes Mari- a definition could be appropriate if the audience may not know the word or how it is used in that context.

    mari on December 30, 2022:

    Can i write a definition in my summary? Will it be okay to write it?

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on November 29, 2022:

    Hi Karen, you can use the actual noun of the person’s name, or a word that describes the person or their relationship to you. For example:, mom, teacher, friend, the woman wearing purple, the lady with long hair, the middle-aged woman, Mrs. Jones or my friend.

    Karen Kenny on November 29, 2022:

    Good Morning! I was just wondering if you might have a list of words to use in place of “I”, “you” and “we”?

    Karen Kenny on November 14, 2022:

    This article has been so HELPFUL! Thank You!

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on October 31, 2022:

    Hi Helencab! I’m so glad that my ideas are helping your students. One of the most enjoyable parts of posting these articles has been to see people all over the world using them.

    Helencab on October 31, 2022:

    Thanks a lot! I have been looking for something like this for my students of 2nd Bachillerato (in Spain) and it’s perfect!

    marii on October 24, 2022:

    great tip!

    giselle on October 14, 2022:

    Thanks for the grateful tips!

    Hanane Moumaddid on October 06, 2022:

    thank you so much …

    Jorge Kwyntin on October 01, 2022:

    it helps a lot for summary writers like me..

    thank………you VK

    Natha on September 23, 2022:

    Great article, very helpful 🙂

    netha on September 18, 2022:

    nice work

    Rebecca on September 02, 2022:

    Congratulations, this was very helpful to me.

    Thank you

    Raphy on August 29, 2022:

    extremely helpful. thanks

    Avian Report on August 28, 2022:

    This is a nice piece of work!

    Thank you.

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on August 10, 2022:

    Hi Edu–If you assignment is to write about an article, then you usually need to summarize (tell the main ideas of the article) before you talk about it. Sometimes you summarize the whole article and then tell what you think. Other times, you might just summarize smaller parts of the essay and mix it with what you think. You might want to see my article on How to Write a Reading Response paper.

    Edu on August 10, 2022:

    I would like to write an essay from an article.

    Is there any other way of writing the essay or summarizing the article is the only means to be my essay?

    Sourat on November 26, 2013:

    I love it very very satisfied

    unverm on October 17, 2013:

    Thanks a lot…

    Zukiswa Dube on April 13, 2013:

    thankyou so much this is loud and clear i was so frustrated don’t know where to start my summary.

    Eldar on March 26, 2012:

    That’s the most clear explanation that i’ve been looking. Thank You though

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on February 25, 2012:

    So glad to have you join us on Hubpages xstatic. I’ve been a teacher of writing for years and I’ve published in print, but I love this medium because you get a chance to have much more feedback. And you can always go back and edit your Hubs! Besides, you can write on anything you like.

    Jim Higgins from Eugene, Oregon on February 25, 2012:

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on February 24, 2012:

    Thanks donnaisabella–what a ptty name! Glad you find the information useful. I really only started posting here for my own students and have been amazed at how many people look at my pages each day on writing. However, I’ve written these up because so many times I felt the books didn’t explain very well. Best wishes!

    Isabella Mukanda from Fort Myers on February 24, 2012:

    Very helpful information. Thanks for sharing. I wish I had this 26 years ago, what a difference it would have made. But guess what, I will still need it in a little while!

    Virginia Kearney (author) from United States on January 26, 2012:

    I’m so glad I’ve helped you Asmaa. So many English books really don’t give very clear directions. That is why I’ve written up a summary of the best instructions I’ve found over the years in different textbooks (plus my own ideas!). Hope your essay goes well!

    Asmaa on January 26, 2012:

    Thank you so much!!!!

    You helped me a lot!

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    Links on this guide may go to external web sites not connected with Randolph Community College. Their inclusion is not an endorsement by Randolph Community College and the College is not responsible for the accuracy of their content.

    Writing a SUMMARY of an article

    The purpose of a summary is to give the reader a clear, objective picture of the original text. Most importantly, the summary restates only the main points of a text or a lecture without giving examples or details, such as dates, numbers or statistics.

    Guidelines for writing a summary of an article:

    * State the main ideas of the article.

    * Identify the most important details that support the main ideas.

    * Write your summary in your own words; avoid copying phrases and sentences from the article unless they’re direct quotations.

    * Expss the underlying meaning of the article, not just the superficial details.

    * Your summary should be about one third of the length of the original article.

    Your summary should include:

    Introduction

    * Start with a summary or overview of the article which includes the author’s name and the title of the article.

    * Finish with a thesis statement that states the main idea of the article.

    Body Paragraphs

    * The number of paragraphs in your summary depends on the length of the original article.

    * Your summary should be about one third the length of the original article. For a one-paragraph summary, discuss each supporting point in a separate sentence. Give 1-2 explanations for each supporting point. For a multi-paragraph summary, discuss each supporting point in a separate paragraph.

    * Start each body paragraph with a topic sentence.

    * Each paragraph focuses on a separate main idea and just the most important details from the article.

    * Put the ideas from the essay into your own words. Avoid copying phrases and sentences from the article.

    * Use transitional words and phrases to connect ideas.

    Concluding Paragraph

    * Summarize the main idea and the underlying meaning of the article.

    Adapted from ” Guidelines for Writing a Summary” (opens in a new window) by Christine Bauer-Ramazani, Saint Michael’s College.

    --- Bài cũ hơn ---

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  • This post will explain the best ways of writing an article for the PET exam as set out in the 2022 changes to the B1 Preliminary from Cambridge Exam English… it will provide useful phrases, example texts and example questions for you to practice at home.

    WHAT IS AN ARTICLE?

    An article is a text that expsses your opinion and knowledge about something. It should be an entertaining text that gets the readers attention and informs them.

    THE STRUCTURE OF AN ARTICLE IS SIMPLE:

    WHAT DO YOU NEED TO DO?

    The 2022 version of the B1 Preliminary involves writing two texts of 100 words. You need to write an email, and then either an article or a stroy. You have the choice between the two, do not write both of them. For more information on how to write an article, see this post.

    The examiners are looking at the following criteria:

    All of the content in the writing should be aimed at answering the question. It should be easy to understand and also take into account who is reading it. E.g. if it is a letter to a friends, it must be informal and familiar.

    The organisation aspect of the evaluation refers to how clearly you psent your ideas. If it is a letter, it must resemble a letter. You need to do it with paragraphs, the paragraphs must not be too short and they need to be set into separate topics. If you write a story it can be all in one paragraph but it needs to include a beginning, middle and end.

    This part of the assessment focuses on the use of vocabulary and grammar. You need to show flexibility in their use and also include cohesive devices (X5) such as because, as, but, however, for example, like, and, in addition etc. To get a good grade in this part your grammar and vocabulary need to be accurate, appropriate and easy to understand.

      Communicative achievement

    They are looking at communication of ideas; it must be clear, relevant to the question and the target reader, use good simple language with some complex grammar.

    For some simple ideas on how to improve your writing, see 5 Simple Ways to Improve your Written English

    Structure of an article:

    Separate each part into a separate paragraph.

    Beginning:

    Engage the reader and make them want to read more, you can begin with a question or a general opinion

    Middle:

    State your main points and relate them to personal experiences and opinions

    Ending:

    Summarize your main points but make an overall point to make the reader think they have learned something from reading the article

    Suggested grammar structures:

    Impersonal passive: It is said that HBO make the best movies in the world.

    Modal verbs: It might be a good idea to take your time.

    Conditionals: If I were you, I would watch it at the cinema.

    Relative clauses: I know someone who lives in that area.

    Wish: I wish I could eat chocolate every day.

    Example of a question:

    You see this post on an English language website

    Write an article about these questions. The best articles will be published on the site.

    Example answer:

    The most interesting way to spend your free time

    Have you ever thought about the best way to spend your free time? If you want to know the key to making the most of your leisure time, this article is a must read.

    Instead of turning on the TV every time you get home, why not try picking up a book. Reading is a great way to relax and it is also a fantastic way to open your mind. There is nothing like looking forward to getting home and reading a book that you are into. It helps you unwind, improve your imagination and it can even help you to learn a foreign language.

    I have no doubt that reading will improve your life. If I were you,I would choose a new book today!

    Useful language: Use these key phrases to answer the questions in the task

    Involving the reader

    Try to use extreme adjectives instead of intensifiers

    • Very good = awesome, excellent, fantastic
    • Very bad = awful, terrible, disturbing

    Making recommendations and suggestions:

    • It would be a good idea to…
    • Wouldn’t it be better to…?
    • Why don’t we…?
    • What about… ?
    • How about… ?
    • Shouldn’t we… ?
    • Let’s consider…
    • Why not… ?

    --- Bài cũ hơn ---

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  • Trong bài viết này, mình sẽ chia sẻ với các bạn cách mình tiếp cận bài thi FCE WRITING và đạt điểm số tuyệt đối 190. Cách làm của mình có thể áp dụng cho tất cả thí sinh với mục tiêu điểm số là B2 hay C1. Sau khi đọc xong bài viết này, bạn sẽ biết cách ôn tập hợp lý hơn để tăng điểm phần thi viết của FCE.

    Một trong những sai lầm thí sinh mắc phải khi tự ôn tập đó là chủ quan không nghiên cứu kỹ về kỳ thi + tiêu chí đánh giá. Mọi người chỉ tìm hiểu qua yêu cầu đề bài là gì rồi bắt tay vào viết theo bản năng chứ không áp dụng chiến lược gì cả. Đa sốthí sinh sẽ viết những gì mình cho là đúng, là hợp lý với mình. Và đây là sai lầm chết người.

    Tổng Quan Phần Thi FCE WRITING:

    Phần thi này có độ dài 80 phút và bao gồm 2 parts. Ở part 1, thí sinh sẽ luôn phải viết 1 bài luận để đưa ra quan điểm của mình trước 1 vấn đề. Với part 2, thí sinh có thể gặp các dạng bài viết như: Letter/email (2 dạng này bản chất vẫn là một), report (tức là 1 bài báo cáo), Review (một bài đánh giá, nhận xét) hoặc Article (một bài báo). Tùy vào đợt thi, thí sinh có thể gặp 3 trên tổng số 4 dạng bài viết ở part 2. Vd như có đợt thi sẽ có phần viết letter, report và article, có đợt thi lại không có letter mà thay vào đó là 3 dạng còn lại như report, review article. Ngoài ra, thí sinh được quyền lựa chọn 1 trong 3 bài viết chứ không bắt buộc phải viết hết cả 3 dạng bài. Độ dài quy định của 2 parts là 140 – 190 từ.

    Lỗi Thí Sinh Hay Mắc Phải Khi Ôn Tập FCE WRITING

    1. Chỉ viết 140 – 190 từ

    Nhiều bạn chọn cách tiếp cận an toàn và đơn giản đó là chỉ cần viết ngắn gọn để hoàn thành phần thi. Không cần tốn sức viết dài quá làm chi cho mệt. Miễn sao trong khoảng 140 – 190 từ là ok. Tuy nhiên, bản thân mình đã từng đi thi 3 lần để thử nghiệm 3 cách viết khác nhau với độ dài ngắn khác nhau. Bài viết lần đầu đi thi của mình là ngắn nhất và đơn giản nhất. Với độ dài chỉ vào khoảng 160 từ. Điểm số mình đạt được là 178/190. Với bài viết lần thứ 2, mình chọn cách viết 190 từ thì điểm số có cải thiện một chút. Với bài viết lần thứ 3, mình đã thử nghiệm cách viết khá là crazy. Mình viết bài với độ dài 240/190 từ. Và mình đã thật sự bất ngờ vì đây là bài viết mình đạt điểm số tuyệt đối.

    Mình biết nhiều bạn sẽ thắc mắc là “tôi đang học B2 thôi, mục tiêu của tôi đâu có phải C1. Đâu cần phải viết dài như vậy làm chi? Khả năng viết của tôi còn nhiều hạn chế? Nhỡ may viết hơn 190 từ, dài quá , lan man quá bị trừ điểm thì sao?”

    Mình hoàn toàn hiểu điều này. Mình biết mỗi người đều có xuất phát điểm khác nhau và trình độ viết khác nhau. Thực tế, bạn không cần phải viết 240 từ như mình mới đạt được điểm cao. Để đơn giản hóa vấn đề, các bạn chỉ cần viết tối thiểu 190 từ là được.

    Theo kinh nghiệm của mình thì WRITING là kỹ năng dễ ôn tập và dễ kéo điểm số các kỹ năng khác. Chỉ cần bạn đầu tư thêm một chút thời gian luyện tập và có phương pháp ôn tập hợp lý, việc tăng thêm 10-20 điểm là hoàn toàn bình thường. Đây là lý do mình chia sẻ kinh nghiệm đã được kiểm chứng của chính mình để giúp bạn ôn tập dễ dàng hơn, tiết kiệm được thời gian và công sức.

    2. Quá tập trung phần Essay

    Như đã giới thiệu ở phần đầu, essay là bài viết bắt buộc ở part 1. Có lẽ vì nó là bài luận và mang tính chất bắt buộc nên nhiều bạn dành quá nhiều thời gian cho phần này. Thực tế, 2 phần thi viết của FCE đều được tính điểm số ngang nhau. Và vì vậy, dù bài luận của bạn làm không thực sự tốt, bạn vẫn có thể viết bài số 2 và kéo điểm lên. Hãy nhớ chia đều thời gian 80 phút cho cả 2 bài viết. Chiến thuật mình đề xuất đó là dành 40 phút cho mỗi bài viết.

    3. Chỉ học tủ 1 dạng bài viết Part 2

    Nhiều bạn lựa chọn chỉ học 1 dạng bài viết ở part 2 để đi thi cho tiết kiệm thời gian. Vd như chỉ học cách viết thư vì đây là dạng bài quen thuộc nhất. Với các dạng bài như report, review hay article các bạn thường bỏ qua hay né tránh vì nghe tên thôi đã thấy sợ rồi.

    Thực sự các bạn đang quá tập trung vào dạng bài viết mà quên mất phần nội dung. Các dạng bài viết như báo cáo report, viết đánh giá review, viết báo article nghe có vẻ xa lạ và khó khăn nhưng chỉ cần tìm hiểu, thực hành một vài lần là bạn có thể viết đúng được.

    Mình thấy vấn đề quan trọng hơn cả là nội dung đề bài. Nội dung khó và nằm ngoài tầm hiểu biết của các bạn thì dù nó rơi vào dạng bài viết gì cũng sẽ khó. Ngược lại, nội dung dễ viết thì dạng bài nào cũng không thành vấn đề. Có rất nhiều trường hợp viết một bài báo cáo hay review sẽ dễ dàng hơn viết thư. Và viết báo article cũng vậy.

    Do đó, các bạn nên học tối thiểu 2/4 dạng bài viết hoặc nhiều hơn để có thể tự tin lựa chọn dạng bài viết với nội dung dễ nhất với mình. VD: letter/email + report; letter/email + review; letter/email + article.

    --- Bài cũ hơn ---

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  • muốn viết 1 bài article tốt, bước đầu tiên chúng ta phải nghiên cứu từ khóa(keyword phải đáp ứng 3 điều kiện: keyword có lượng search cao + thu hút người dùng + có tính thương mại or phi thương mại).

    Cấu trúc một bài article có 5 phần

    • chứa từ khóa
    • khái quát được bài viết
    • thu hút sự tò mò

    2. Giới thiệu mệnh đề khẳng định

    • 1 câu chuyện có thực để làm dẫn chứng
    • hoặc vấn đề khó khăn hiện tại của người xem

    chúng ta sử dụng cấu trúc: Tiêu đề phụ + đoạn văn phân tách mạch lạc.

    • tóm tắt nội dung bài viết.
    • đề các việc làm cụ thể cho độc giả
    • giới thiệu các bài viết tham khảo khác

    Đề cập đến các tài nguyên khác trong bài, giới thiệu sản phẩm mang lại kết quả nhanh cho độc giả.

    Các dạng bài Article

    1. Dạng bài danh sách(list)

    – đoạn giới thiệu: giới thiệu đối tượng + chỉ ra vấn đề và lợi ích sau khi đọc xong bài cho độc giả.

    tiêu đề 1: đoạn văn thứ nhất

    tiêu đề 2: đoạn văn thứ hai

    kết luận: tóm tắt nội dung

    3. Dạng bài hướng dẫn – thủ thuật – mẹo vặt – chia sẽ kinh nghiệm

    – tiêu đề: lấy dạng bài như thủ thuật, mẹo vặt..gì gì đó 😀

    – đoạn giới thiệu: hướng dẫn về đối tượng. vd: hướng dẫn phá pass.

    – kết luận: chia sẽ các mẹo vặt thực thế

    chủ đề về giới thiệu: .. là gì, khi nào , ở đâu..,

    cấu trúc bài viết gồm có 5 phần tương tự như dạng bài hướng dẫn.

    – tiêu đề: lấy câu hỏi làm tiêu đề

    – giới thiệu: khẳng định các thông tin độc giả khẳng định họ đã tìm đúng địa chỉ.

    – nội dung; trả lời câu hỏi

    – kết luậnL tóm tắt câu trả lời

    Tôi đã viết tóm tắt cấu trúc và 4 dạng bài article thường dùng nhất cho 1 Copywriter chuyên nghiệp. Để viết các bài article thu hút độc giả và tối ưu SEO onpage để lên Top, chúng ta cần lập ra 1 blog hoặc website để thực hành các dạng bài tôi đã trình bày ở trên.

    --- Bài cũ hơn ---

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